With the passage of time, projects have become more complex in all areas of the market - at a regulatory, legal, business, social level... - and that is why the current work trend is directed towards the participation of multidisciplinary teams. In some cases the members of these multidisciplinary teams are part of the same company, while in other cases there are professional associations for specific projects.
Before this (not so) new way of working, in the area of construction, we have methods and tools that facilitate different operations and that have a marked tendency towards specialization, industrialization and improvement within the labor market, with efficient and connected companies; and where the information management begins to be of great value and importance.
The BIM (Building Information Modeling) methodology It is a collaborative work methodology for creation and management of a 3D model in a construction or infrastructure project. Its main objective is to centralize the information generated in a single digital model created and shared by all the agents involved in a project.
BIM is not only about working with a model in three dimensions, but said model will contain information and data, and several people will be able share them. This requires a fundamental action, the collaboration. We can understand BIM as a method of collaborative work, in which all parties work on a common model; being a methodology that allows managing project information and the data generated around it and that are shared by several people.
Professionals in the construction sector will be able to enter data or modifications that are necessary in the development of the project, regardless of the time or place where they are. These changes, in turn, will modify all those elements they affect automatically, and will be available in real time for all users. Collaborative work is a saving effort and time, allowing professionals to automate part of the work to focus on aspects of greater importance.
With this way of working, the collaboration, we must understand the project and the process as a global whole, which covers from the first phase, in which the project is studied and the work team is formed, through the development of the project, until beginning construction, and arriving at the putting into use and exploitation of the finished building.
The use of this new methodology and its tools entails a necessary adaptation of work systems. It will be important, as we saw in previous posts, to define some job roles, but this way of working also requires a information organization so that everyone can access it and incorporate new data appropriately. Information and data exchange must be managed through a CDE or common data environment, as we will see in future posts.